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Nature / Agriculture
Chronology of a Sub-Servient Force Bookmark and Share  
  Author Name : K Ramesh Babu Posted on : August-16-2009 Total Hits: 1852
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China and India, two Asian neighbour giants share many commonalities together including a toiling mass that reside at rural regions of the respective countries.

Over the years of colonial rule which spanned two hundred years the prosperous rural regions of the countries were severely exploited to extract additional revenues in order to develop the colonial powers.

India faced unprecedented droughts and famines that took away 50 million lives during 18th and 19th centuries.

The power changes brought out by the colonizers groomed disparities among the population, unlike in the past where there was no presence of neither landowners nor moneylenders.

The fall of Indian agriculture was well started at the advent of commercialization and colonization of land holdings in the colonial period seldom.

In the post independence period new socialistic assurances by the premier Nehru thwarted attempt by the agricultural community in order to liberate seldom from the subordinate role as a supplier to the urban/industrial conglomerations.

Indian agriculture never allowed to operate as an independent entity to do its own commerce on the basis of market conditions. In contrast, large holdings were discouraged since it is against the egalitarian principles of the new constitution which ensures equality for all. However, the reality is that the mass production under large scale reduces the cost of production and increases productivity of the farmer.

The first five year plan understanding the due importance of the farm sector entrusted major allocations towards that direction and achieved success as only plan as ever after that.

Till the day agriculture contributes the largest share in the GDP by 40 per cent and stands as the only option before the state to boost rural income.

The major challenge before the policy holders are to find ways to improve the productivity and production of farm products which is stagnant for few years around 200 million tonne.

In order to improve the prevailing conditions the state has to settle down land distribution/holding pattern among the rural population. As on date land holdings are concentrated in the hands tiny, small and medium farmers following uninterrupted segmentations taking place by generations.

A statistical figure as seen in the official website of Ministry of Agriculture, marginal farmers share more than two-thirds of the total land holdings.

This is a disturbing and negative aspect for carrying forward necessary reforms in the farm sector. Whether it is Manmohan Singh or not it is difficult to re-group or consolidate the land holdings by any means across India. The prime reason will be the aggressiveness shown by the farmers over the fears of losing the small plot of land which in many case a lone source of subsistence.

Singur, Nandhigram and many other issues display these sentiments and promulgated by the vested interests who would like to garner profit out of them.

As the population rises land has become a scarce product in India. Political and economic conditions of the state are not that much matured enough to adjust any forced reforms in quick phase. Hence, it would be adventurous to propose any major changes without mass consensus.

Chinese case could not be compared to India since a revolution has taken place and the nation transformed through a coercive colonial period which underpinned the very nature of the civilization. Deng met success since the aspects of land distribution done through state apparatus and its constitutional obligations. Each rural family provided lands according to the size and need and been asked to make their survival by that. There was no protest to such distribution since it was a state property and long before land ownership and feudal structure was abolished.

These different conditions do not justify for any idea in favour of land reforms at present conditions in India. Despite that China itself currently experiencing negative trend after implementation of land reforms for the last twenty-five odd years resulted into not much profitable venture.

Corporate sector in India recently entered into rural arena to provide wealth to the poor farmers by producing vegetables and other fresh farm products to supply newly formed corporate shops.

These kinds of developments may trigger changes in the land holding patterns of the rural India. Since that any intervention by affirmative action may pave way for controversies and protest. So that better to leave such attempts for time being would be wiser.


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