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India's nuclear programme and its impact Bookmark and Share  
  Author Name : K Ramesh Babu Posted on : July-7-2009 Total Hits: 2297
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India’s vast resource of energy is being considered as a gift nonetheless as a commercial asset.

Since the first nuclear test conducted by India, there was severe supervision over suspection that India may become a super power sooner or later. The South Asian region that the country is located faced political rivalry and turmoil in the past.


Taking into account many political coups and wars in the past the region may witness a nuclear war as it was feared as though.


The country’s Nuke programme came into being after facing three wars which harmed peaceful progress in the nation as well as in the region. A new nation named ‘Bangladesh’ was carved out of Pakistan an ever Islamic country bifurcated from a non Islamic country in the history known.

In 1971, India conducted ever first nuclear test at Pokhran that lies in the western deserts region.


The Prime Minister, Indhira Gandhi who was instrumental to green signal a nuclear test henceforth out of well known for peaceful energy projects, was daughter of none other than the first Prime Minister Nehru who stood for world peace.


India’s unpeaceful circumstances may create an environment where a nuclear war or a near situation might add further woe to the already worsened instability in the world politics.

Considering these facts the nuclear powers that hold every technology in the field is worried about the danger seeded and its spread towards other regions through the sub-continent.


Later, came all kinds of technological barriers that would halt faster development of the technology and its spread in the region. However, certain countries like Pakistan and Iran able to smuggle the necessary technology through black markets operate across the world. The nuke black market growth multiplied in the post-soviet era, under its ex-satellite states, where nuke arms and accessories are not protected well above.


Hence, the nuclear arms control regime slowly faded away and India took the advantage and conducted the second Pokhran tests in May 11 and 13, 1998 twice within 72 hours.


When a responsible democratic country like India behaves such a way it is not immoral for others too follow that. Countries such as North Korea who are not under international regularities and limelight started to experiment the nuke babe, though they would have long back initiated the process, just infused by the Indian action.


Now the situation is uncontrollable for the unipolar super power United States in order to bring regulation among the nuke aspirant nations.


It launched bargaining process with India in 2000’s and successfully completed a deal after seven years of negotiations. In between the Hyde act and other complex laws were also passed not to allow any president or party to part with the American supremacy in the nuclear arms race.

The act named 1…2…3 agreements now dangles before the two governments and harshly criticized from respective internal vested and other lobbies that may or may not gain out of the deal.


The real politics behind the deal is not whether to have nuclear energy or not, otherwise it is from who we can procure the necessary technology.


The left ideologists deserve close relations with countries which helped India in the early periods of nuclear power generation. But others are open in the choice though at the same time play parity with non traditional supporters. The American role could be considered in the same angle.

However, US conditions for support are based on commercial interest of many MNC companies who have enormous business dealings with already existing programmes.


The objections raised by the opponents of the deal are about unilateral suspension of the cooperation when a nuclear test is being conducted without any previous notices.


The world bodies such as IAEA, UN and others are totally distanced from the issue. The prime body of nuclear powers NSG is split over India’s transformed strategy over the use of nuclear energy for military purpose. Many of group members seek a substantial business in the technological assistance, sales and maintenance of nuclear energy.


However, there should be a frame work under which the country binding itself to obey to minimum rules and regulations in order to prove the outer world that is she is a responsible nuclear power.

Despite these complications, there is a basic question come from the very Indian scientists who sweated out over a long period to develop independent nuclear programme which is genuine on its own. Why we should give up our indigenized efforts to some one else who never recognized our needs till the recent times?


There could be few explanations for this question which ponders many citizens who were proud about the Indian scientists and development of science and technology in the last 60 years.

Apart from the legitimate concerns with in the pro-nuclear group, there are some voices that rise up their counter arguments in favour of total nuclear abolishment since its negative aspects of lack of security, cost, technological barriers and environmental and ecological loss.


For example India still has even by an official estimation of about 25 per cent poor population out of a billion plus heads. Every year the country spends around INR15 million for the cause of nuclear power and in return gets a meager three per cent output in terms of total electricity/power production in the land.


As a developing nation India already faces many environmental problems and some among them at serious proportions. As adding and worsening the situation nuclear projects may evolve as serious threat to let alone humans but also for other flora and fauna.


There is no medicine for nuclear disasters other than a peaceful death. Albert Einstein who once suggested producing a nuke bomb changed his position and vehemently opposed the use of ‘little boys’ on Japanese innocent humans. He returned his Nobel medal symbolizing opposition towards the misdeed by the emerging super power at the closer of World War II.


The atrociousness behind the use of nuke bombs to show and threat to surrender on already surrounded Japan is nothing but a test of an unknown strength of the day, according to several military strategists and historians.


India’s nuke war with neighbours is an unimaginable disaster because of the destruction it may leave on the region. And it will create a permanent rift in the relationship among them. It doesn’t matter whether it is Hindu bomb or an Islamic bomb or other, but the damage it create is incalculable.


Knowing all the facts without any doubt the rulers are repeatedly involve themselves in the heroic act of producing a nuclear bomb. Without any counter guarantee for provoked usage of nuclear weapons, many nuke group members come forward to assist India in the project.

Indian peoples thirst for more power may be acquired through promoting non-conventional energy resources such as Wind, Gas, Ocean and Bio-fuels apart from improved electric battery devices.


It is always safe to go with nature rather than destroy it. Nearing global warming disasters require huge funding in order to change technologies. It is not wiser to allocate enough funds which are meager as of now towards that direction instead of spending huge amounts to nuke babes?


India’s millions eager for better life standard and projects aim in that direction to increase income levels is a must. Green technologies have proven this concept true and useful for hence to implement. Because, poverty and unemployment are not be considered as domesticated ‘nuke bombs’ for India?



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